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  FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)

  WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)

  WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)

  ReportunveilsplantotightengriponemissionsandreducepollutionChinaintendstoimplementitsstrictestvehicleemissionsregulationyettofurtherreduceairpollution,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentsaidinareportreleasedonFriday.Theministrywillexpandsupervisionoverthequalityofdieselproductsanddieselenginesandincreasetheuseofrailtransportationinfreightservicestocutbackairpollution,thereportsaid.Emissionsfromdieseltrucks,whichmakeuponly7.8percentofautomotivevehiclesinChina,accountfor57.3percentofnitrogenoxideand77.8percentofparticulatematterinthecountry'sair,twomajorpolluters,accordingtothereport.AutomotivevehicleshaveemergedasamajorsourceofChina'sairpollution,itsaid.Asof2017,Chinahadbeenthelargestvehicleproducerandbuyerintheworldforthenineconsecutiveyears,with310millionautomotivevehiclesonitsroadsattheendoflastyear,up5.1percentfromthepreviousyear.Thesevehiclesemittedabout43.59millionmetrictonsofpollutants,down2.5percentyear-on-year,thereportshowed.YinHang,headofthePolicyResearchDepartmentoftheministry'sVehicleEmissionControlCenter,saidChinahasphasedoutmorethan20millionoutdateddieselvehiclesinthepastfiveyears.Thecountryshouldfurthersuperviseproduction,useandeliminationofautomotivevehiclestoreduceairpollution,Yinsaidatarecentforumonairpollutioncontrol.In2017,portsinTianjinandShandongprovincebannedtheuseofdieseltruckstotransportcoalintheBohaiSeaareatoimproveairquality.Ananalysisofairpollutantsin15majorChinesecitiesshowedthatlocalmobileemitters,acategorythatincludesvehicles,contributedabout13.5percentto41percentoffineparticulatematter,accordingtotheministry.Beijinghasmadeaddressingmotorvehicleemissionsafocusofthisyear'sairpollutioncontrolwork.High-emissionsvehicleswillbetakenofftheroadsinthecapitaltohelpcontrolsmog-extendingthebanonsuchvehicleswithinBeijing'sSixthRingRoad-saidMayorChenJiningattheopeningofthefirstsessionofthe15thBeijingPeople'sCongressinJanuary.LiuBingjiang,headofairqualitymanagementattheministry,said,"TargetingmotorvehicleexhaustemissionsisaprecisetreatmentforBeijing'ssmoggyweather,becausestudieshavefoundtheyarethetopsourceofthecity'smajorairpollutants."ThefactorscausingBeijing'sairpollutionhavechangeddramatically,withcoal-burningnowaccountingforlessthan10percentofthecity'senergy,andover80percentofBeijing'sindustriesnowintheservicesector,Liusaidatanewsconference.WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)

  Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)

  FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  ReportunveilsplantotightengriponemissionsandreducepollutionChinaintendstoimplementitsstrictestvehicleemissionsregulationyettofurtherreduceairpollution,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentsaidinareportreleasedonFriday.Theministrywillexpandsupervisionoverthequalityofdieselproductsanddieselenginesandincreasetheuseofrailtransportationinfreightservicestocutbackairpollution,thereportsaid.Emissionsfromdieseltrucks,whichmakeuponly7.8percentofautomotivevehiclesinChina,accountfor57.3percentofnitrogenoxideand77.8percentofparticulatematterinthecountry'sair,twomajorpolluters,accordingtothereport.AutomotivevehicleshaveemergedasamajorsourceofChina'sairpollution,itsaid.Asof2017,Chinahadbeenthelargestvehicleproducerandbuyerintheworldforthenineconsecutiveyears,with310millionautomotivevehiclesonitsroadsattheendoflastyear,up5.1percentfromthepreviousyear.Thesevehiclesemittedabout43.59millionmetrictonsofpollutants,down2.5percentyear-on-year,thereportshowed.YinHang,headofthePolicyResearchDepartmentoftheministry'sVehicleEmissionControlCenter,saidChinahasphasedoutmorethan20millionoutdateddieselvehiclesinthepastfiveyears.Thecountryshouldfurthersuperviseproduction,useandeliminationofautomotivevehiclestoreduceairpollution,Yinsaidatarecentforumonairpollutioncontrol.In2017,portsinTianjinandShandongprovincebannedtheuseofdieseltruckstotransportcoalintheBohaiSeaareatoimproveairquality.Ananalysisofairpollutantsin15majorChinesecitiesshowedthatlocalmobileemitters,acategorythatincludesvehicles,contributedabout13.5percentto41percentoffineparticulatematter,accordingtotheministry.Beijinghasmadeaddressingmotorvehicleemissionsafocusofthisyear'sairpollutioncontrolwork.High-emissionsvehicleswillbetakenofftheroadsinthecapitaltohelpcontrolsmog-extendingthebanonsuchvehicleswithinBeijing'sSixthRingRoad-saidMayorChenJiningattheopeningofthefirstsessionofthe15thBeijingPeople'sCongressinJanuary.LiuBingjiang,headofairqualitymanagementattheministry,said,"TargetingmotorvehicleexhaustemissionsisaprecisetreatmentforBeijing'ssmoggyweather,becausestudieshavefoundtheyarethetopsourceofthecity'smajorairpollutants."ThefactorscausingBeijing'sairpollutionhavechangeddramatically,withcoal-burningnowaccountingforlessthan10percentofthecity'senergy,andover80percentofBeijing'sindustriesnowintheservicesector,Liusaidatanewsconference.

  WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  

  ReportunveilsplantotightengriponemissionsandreducepollutionChinaintendstoimplementitsstrictestvehicleemissionsregulationyettofurtherreduceairpollution,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentsaidinareportreleasedonFriday.Theministrywillexpandsupervisionoverthequalityofdieselproductsanddieselenginesandincreasetheuseofrailtransportationinfreightservicestocutbackairpollution,thereportsaid.Emissionsfromdieseltrucks,whichmakeuponly7.8percentofautomotivevehiclesinChina,accountfor57.3percentofnitrogenoxideand77.8percentofparticulatematterinthecountry'sair,twomajorpolluters,accordingtothereport.AutomotivevehicleshaveemergedasamajorsourceofChina'sairpollution,itsaid.Asof2017,Chinahadbeenthelargestvehicleproducerandbuyerintheworldforthenineconsecutiveyears,with310millionautomotivevehiclesonitsroadsattheendoflastyear,up5.1percentfromthepreviousyear.Thesevehiclesemittedabout43.59millionmetrictonsofpollutants,down2.5percentyear-on-year,thereportshowed.YinHang,headofthePolicyResearchDepartmentoftheministry'sVehicleEmissionControlCenter,saidChinahasphasedoutmorethan20millionoutdateddieselvehiclesinthepastfiveyears.Thecountryshouldfurthersuperviseproduction,useandeliminationofautomotivevehiclestoreduceairpollution,Yinsaidatarecentforumonairpollutioncontrol.In2017,portsinTianjinandShandongprovincebannedtheuseofdieseltruckstotransportcoalintheBohaiSeaareatoimproveairquality.Ananalysisofairpollutantsin15majorChinesecitiesshowedthatlocalmobileemitters,acategorythatincludesvehicles,contributedabout13.5percentto41percentoffineparticulatematter,accordingtotheministry.Beijinghasmadeaddressingmotorvehicleemissionsafocusofthisyear'sairpollutioncontrolwork.High-emissionsvehicleswillbetakenofftheroadsinthecapitaltohelpcontrolsmog-extendingthebanonsuchvehicleswithinBeijing'sSixthRingRoad-saidMayorChenJiningattheopeningofthefirstsessionofthe15thBeijingPeople'sCongressinJanuary.LiuBingjiang,headofairqualitymanagementattheministry,said,"TargetingmotorvehicleexhaustemissionsisaprecisetreatmentforBeijing'ssmoggyweather,becausestudieshavefoundtheyarethetopsourceofthecity'smajorairpollutants."ThefactorscausingBeijing'sairpollutionhavechangeddramatically,withcoal-burningnowaccountingforlessthan10percentofthecity'senergy,andover80percentofBeijing'sindustriesnowintheservicesector,Liusaidatanewsconference.Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  

  FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  

  FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  ReportunveilsplantotightengriponemissionsandreducepollutionChinaintendstoimplementitsstrictestvehicleemissionsregulationyettofurtherreduceairpollution,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentsaidinareportreleasedonFriday.Theministrywillexpandsupervisionoverthequalityofdieselproductsanddieselenginesandincreasetheuseofrailtransportationinfreightservicestocutbackairpollution,thereportsaid.Emissionsfromdieseltrucks,whichmakeuponly7.8percentofautomotivevehiclesinChina,accountfor57.3percentofnitrogenoxideand77.8percentofparticulatematterinthecountry'sair,twomajorpolluters,accordingtothereport.AutomotivevehicleshaveemergedasamajorsourceofChina'sairpollution,itsaid.Asof2017,Chinahadbeenthelargestvehicleproducerandbuyerintheworldforthenineconsecutiveyears,with310millionautomotivevehiclesonitsroadsattheendoflastyear,up5.1percentfromthepreviousyear.Thesevehiclesemittedabout43.59millionmetrictonsofpollutants,down2.5percentyear-on-year,thereportshowed.YinHang,headofthePolicyResearchDepartmentoftheministry'sVehicleEmissionControlCenter,saidChinahasphasedoutmorethan20millionoutdateddieselvehiclesinthepastfiveyears.Thecountryshouldfurthersuperviseproduction,useandeliminationofautomotivevehiclestoreduceairpollution,Yinsaidatarecentforumonairpollutioncontrol.In2017,portsinTianjinandShandongprovincebannedtheuseofdieseltruckstotransportcoalintheBohaiSeaareatoimproveairquality.Ananalysisofairpollutantsin15majorChinesecitiesshowedthatlocalmobileemitters,acategorythatincludesvehicles,contributedabout13.5percentto41percentoffineparticulatematter,accordingtotheministry.Beijinghasmadeaddressingmotorvehicleemissionsafocusofthisyear'sairpollutioncontrolwork.High-emissionsvehicleswillbetakenofftheroadsinthecapitaltohelpcontrolsmog-extendingthebanonsuchvehicleswithinBeijing'sSixthRingRoad-saidMayorChenJiningattheopeningofthefirstsessionofthe15thBeijingPeople'sCongressinJanuary.LiuBingjiang,headofairqualitymanagementattheministry,said,"TargetingmotorvehicleexhaustemissionsisaprecisetreatmentforBeijing'ssmoggyweather,becausestudieshavefoundtheyarethetopsourceofthecity'smajorairpollutants."ThefactorscausingBeijing'sairpollutionhavechangeddramatically,withcoal-burningnowaccountingforlessthan10percentofthecity'senergy,andover80percentofBeijing'sindustriesnowintheservicesector,Liusaidatanewsconference.

  WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)

  FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)

  FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)

  Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)

  ReportunveilsplantotightengriponemissionsandreducepollutionChinaintendstoimplementitsstrictestvehicleemissionsregulationyettofurtherreduceairpollution,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentsaidinareportreleasedonFriday.Theministrywillexpandsupervisionoverthequalityofdieselproductsanddieselenginesandincreasetheuseofrailtransportationinfreightservicestocutbackairpollution,thereportsaid.Emissionsfromdieseltrucks,whichmakeuponly7.8percentofautomotivevehiclesinChina,accountfor57.3percentofnitrogenoxideand77.8percentofparticulatematterinthecountry'sair,twomajorpolluters,accordingtothereport.AutomotivevehicleshaveemergedasamajorsourceofChina'sairpollution,itsaid.Asof2017,Chinahadbeenthelargestvehicleproducerandbuyerintheworldforthenineconsecutiveyears,with310millionautomotivevehiclesonitsroadsattheendoflastyear,up5.1percentfromthepreviousyear.Thesevehiclesemittedabout43.59millionmetrictonsofpollutants,down2.5percentyear-on-year,thereportshowed.YinHang,headofthePolicyResearchDepartmentoftheministry'sVehicleEmissionControlCenter,saidChinahasphasedoutmorethan20millionoutdateddieselvehiclesinthepastfiveyears.Thecountryshouldfurthersuperviseproduction,useandeliminationofautomotivevehiclestoreduceairpollution,Yinsaidatarecentforumonairpollutioncontrol.In2017,portsinTianjinandShandongprovincebannedtheuseofdieseltruckstotransportcoalintheBohaiSeaareatoimproveairquality.Ananalysisofairpollutantsin15majorChinesecitiesshowedthatlocalmobileemitters,acategorythatincludesvehicles,contributedabout13.5percentto41percentoffineparticulatematter,accordingtotheministry.Beijinghasmadeaddressingmotorvehicleemissionsafocusofthisyear'sairpollutioncontrolwork.High-emissionsvehicleswillbetakenofftheroadsinthecapitaltohelpcontrolsmog-extendingthebanonsuchvehicleswithinBeijing'sSixthRingRoad-saidMayorChenJiningattheopeningofthefirstsessionofthe15thBeijingPeople'sCongressinJanuary.LiuBingjiang,headofairqualitymanagementattheministry,said,"TargetingmotorvehicleexhaustemissionsisaprecisetreatmentforBeijing'ssmoggyweather,becausestudieshavefoundtheyarethetopsourceofthecity'smajorairpollutants."ThefactorscausingBeijing'sairpollutionhavechangeddramatically,withcoal-burningnowaccountingforlessthan10percentofthecity'senergy,andover80percentofBeijing'sindustriesnowintheservicesector,Liusaidatanewsconference.WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)

  FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)

  WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  ReportunveilsplantotightengriponemissionsandreducepollutionChinaintendstoimplementitsstrictestvehicleemissionsregulationyettofurtherreduceairpollution,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentsaidinareportreleasedonFriday.Theministrywillexpandsupervisionoverthequalityofdieselproductsanddieselenginesandincreasetheuseofrailtransportationinfreightservicestocutbackairpollution,thereportsaid.Emissionsfromdieseltrucks,whichmakeuponly7.8percentofautomotivevehiclesinChina,accountfor57.3percentofnitrogenoxideand77.8percentofparticulatematterinthecountry'sair,twomajorpolluters,accordingtothereport.AutomotivevehicleshaveemergedasamajorsourceofChina'sairpollution,itsaid.Asof2017,Chinahadbeenthelargestvehicleproducerandbuyerintheworldforthenineconsecutiveyears,with310millionautomotivevehiclesonitsroadsattheendoflastyear,up5.1percentfromthepreviousyear.Thesevehiclesemittedabout43.59millionmetrictonsofpollutants,down2.5percentyear-on-year,thereportshowed.YinHang,headofthePolicyResearchDepartmentoftheministry'sVehicleEmissionControlCenter,saidChinahasphasedoutmorethan20millionoutdateddieselvehiclesinthepastfiveyears.Thecountryshouldfurthersuperviseproduction,useandeliminationofautomotivevehiclestoreduceairpollution,Yinsaidatarecentforumonairpollutioncontrol.In2017,portsinTianjinandShandongprovincebannedtheuseofdieseltruckstotransportcoalintheBohaiSeaareatoimproveairquality.Ananalysisofairpollutantsin15majorChinesecitiesshowedthatlocalmobileemitters,acategorythatincludesvehicles,contributedabout13.5percentto41percentoffineparticulatematter,accordingtotheministry.Beijinghasmadeaddressingmotorvehicleemissionsafocusofthisyear'sairpollutioncontrolwork.High-emissionsvehicleswillbetakenofftheroadsinthecapitaltohelpcontrolsmog-extendingthebanonsuchvehicleswithinBeijing'sSixthRingRoad-saidMayorChenJiningattheopeningofthefirstsessionofthe15thBeijingPeople'sCongressinJanuary.LiuBingjiang,headofairqualitymanagementattheministry,said,"TargetingmotorvehicleexhaustemissionsisaprecisetreatmentforBeijing'ssmoggyweather,becausestudieshavefoundtheyarethetopsourceofthecity'smajorairpollutants."ThefactorscausingBeijing'sairpollutionhavechangeddramatically,withcoal-burningnowaccountingforlessthan10percentofthecity'senergy,andover80percentofBeijing'sindustriesnowintheservicesector,Liusaidatanewsconference.

  FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)ReportunveilsplantotightengriponemissionsandreducepollutionChinaintendstoimplementitsstrictestvehicleemissionsregulationyettofurtherreduceairpollution,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentsaidinareportreleasedonFriday.Theministrywillexpandsupervisionoverthequalityofdieselproductsanddieselenginesandincreasetheuseofrailtransportationinfreightservicestocutbackairpollution,thereportsaid.Emissionsfromdieseltrucks,whichmakeuponly7.8percentofautomotivevehiclesinChina,accountfor57.3percentofnitrogenoxideand77.8percentofparticulatematterinthecountry'sair,twomajorpolluters,accordingtothereport.AutomotivevehicleshaveemergedasamajorsourceofChina'sairpollution,itsaid.Asof2017,Chinahadbeenthelargestvehicleproducerandbuyerintheworldforthenineconsecutiveyears,with310millionautomotivevehiclesonitsroadsattheendoflastyear,up5.1percentfromthepreviousyear.Thesevehiclesemittedabout43.59millionmetrictonsofpollutants,down2.5percentyear-on-year,thereportshowed.YinHang,headofthePolicyResearchDepartmentoftheministry'sVehicleEmissionControlCenter,saidChinahasphasedoutmorethan20millionoutdateddieselvehiclesinthepastfiveyears.Thecountryshouldfurthersuperviseproduction,useandeliminationofautomotivevehiclestoreduceairpollution,Yinsaidatarecentforumonairpollutioncontrol.In2017,portsinTianjinandShandongprovincebannedtheuseofdieseltruckstotransportcoalintheBohaiSeaareatoimproveairquality.Ananalysisofairpollutantsin15majorChinesecitiesshowedthatlocalmobileemitters,acategorythatincludesvehicles,contributedabout13.5percentto41percentoffineparticulatematter,accordingtotheministry.Beijinghasmadeaddressingmotorvehicleemissionsafocusofthisyear'sairpollutioncontrolwork.High-emissionsvehicleswillbetakenofftheroadsinthecapitaltohelpcontrolsmog-extendingthebanonsuchvehicleswithinBeijing'sSixthRingRoad-saidMayorChenJiningattheopeningofthefirstsessionofthe15thBeijingPeople'sCongressinJanuary.LiuBingjiang,headofairqualitymanagementattheministry,said,"TargetingmotorvehicleexhaustemissionsisaprecisetreatmentforBeijing'ssmoggyweather,becausestudieshavefoundtheyarethetopsourceofthecity'smajorairpollutants."ThefactorscausingBeijing'sairpollutionhavechangeddramatically,withcoal-burningnowaccountingforlessthan10percentofthecity'senergy,andover80percentofBeijing'sindustriesnowintheservicesector,Liusaidatanewsconference.Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  

  Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)

  FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)

  ReportunveilsplantotightengriponemissionsandreducepollutionChinaintendstoimplementitsstrictestvehicleemissionsregulationyettofurtherreduceairpollution,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentsaidinareportreleasedonFriday.Theministrywillexpandsupervisionoverthequalityofdieselproductsanddieselenginesandincreasetheuseofrailtransportationinfreightservicestocutbackairpollution,thereportsaid.Emissionsfromdieseltrucks,whichmakeuponly7.8percentofautomotivevehiclesinChina,accountfor57.3percentofnitrogenoxideand77.8percentofparticulatematterinthecountry'sair,twomajorpolluters,accordingtothereport.AutomotivevehicleshaveemergedasamajorsourceofChina'sairpollution,itsaid.Asof2017,Chinahadbeenthelargestvehicleproducerandbuyerintheworldforthenineconsecutiveyears,with310millionautomotivevehiclesonitsroadsattheendoflastyear,up5.1percentfromthepreviousyear.Thesevehiclesemittedabout43.59millionmetrictonsofpollutants,down2.5percentyear-on-year,thereportshowed.YinHang,headofthePolicyResearchDepartmentoftheministry'sVehicleEmissionControlCenter,saidChinahasphasedoutmorethan20millionoutdateddieselvehiclesinthepastfiveyears.Thecountryshouldfurthersuperviseproduction,useandeliminationofautomotivevehiclestoreduceairpollution,Yinsaidatarecentforumonairpollutioncontrol.In2017,portsinTianjinandShandongprovincebannedtheuseofdieseltruckstotransportcoalintheBohaiSeaareatoimproveairquality.Ananalysisofairpollutantsin15majorChinesecitiesshowedthatlocalmobileemitters,acategorythatincludesvehicles,contributedabout13.5percentto41percentoffineparticulatematter,accordingtotheministry.Beijinghasmadeaddressingmotorvehicleemissionsafocusofthisyear'sairpollutioncontrolwork.High-emissionsvehicleswillbetakenofftheroadsinthecapitaltohelpcontrolsmog-extendingthebanonsuchvehicleswithinBeijing'sSixthRingRoad-saidMayorChenJiningattheopeningofthefirstsessionofthe15thBeijingPeople'sCongressinJanuary.LiuBingjiang,headofairqualitymanagementattheministry,said,"TargetingmotorvehicleexhaustemissionsisaprecisetreatmentforBeijing'ssmoggyweather,becausestudieshavefoundtheyarethetopsourceofthecity'smajorairpollutants."ThefactorscausingBeijing'sairpollutionhavechangeddramatically,withcoal-burningnowaccountingforlessthan10percentofthecity'senergy,andover80percentofBeijing'sindustriesnowintheservicesector,Liusaidatanewsconference.FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)

  WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ReportunveilsplantotightengriponemissionsandreducepollutionChinaintendstoimplementitsstrictestvehicleemissionsregulationyettofurtherreduceairpollution,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentsaidinareportreleasedonFriday.Theministrywillexpandsupervisionoverthequalityofdieselproductsanddieselenginesandincreasetheuseofrailtransportationinfreightservicestocutbackairpollution,thereportsaid.Emissionsfromdieseltrucks,whichmakeuponly7.8percentofautomotivevehiclesinChina,accountfor57.3percentofnitrogenoxideand77.8percentofparticulatematterinthecountry'sair,twomajorpolluters,accordingtothereport.AutomotivevehicleshaveemergedasamajorsourceofChina'sairpollution,itsaid.Asof2017,Chinahadbeenthelargestvehicleproducerandbuyerintheworldforthenineconsecutiveyears,with310millionautomotivevehiclesonitsroadsattheendoflastyear,up5.1percentfromthepreviousyear.Thesevehiclesemittedabout43.59millionmetrictonsofpollutants,down2.5percentyear-on-year,thereportshowed.YinHang,headofthePolicyResearchDepartmentoftheministry'sVehicleEmissionControlCenter,saidChinahasphasedoutmorethan20millionoutdateddieselvehiclesinthepastfiveyears.Thecountryshouldfurthersuperviseproduction,useandeliminationofautomotivevehiclestoreduceairpollution,Yinsaidatarecentforumonairpollutioncontrol.In2017,portsinTianjinandShandongprovincebannedtheuseofdieseltruckstotransportcoalintheBohaiSeaareatoimproveairquality.Ananalysisofairpollutantsin15majorChinesecitiesshowedthatlocalmobileemitters,acategorythatincludesvehicles,contributedabout13.5percentto41percentoffineparticulatematter,accordingtotheministry.Beijinghasmadeaddressingmotorvehicleemissionsafocusofthisyear'sairpollutioncontrolwork.High-emissionsvehicleswillbetakenofftheroadsinthecapitaltohelpcontrolsmog-extendingthebanonsuchvehicleswithinBeijing'sSixthRingRoad-saidMayorChenJiningattheopeningofthefirstsessionofthe15thBeijingPeople'sCongressinJanuary.LiuBingjiang,headofairqualitymanagementattheministry,said,"TargetingmotorvehicleexhaustemissionsisaprecisetreatmentforBeijing'ssmoggyweather,becausestudieshavefoundtheyarethetopsourceofthecity'smajorairpollutants."ThefactorscausingBeijing'sairpollutionhavechangeddramatically,withcoal-burningnowaccountingforlessthan10percentofthecity'senergy,andover80percentofBeijing'sindustriesnowintheservicesector,Liusaidatanewsconference.

  ReportunveilsplantotightengriponemissionsandreducepollutionChinaintendstoimplementitsstrictestvehicleemissionsregulationyettofurtherreduceairpollution,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentsaidinareportreleasedonFriday.Theministrywillexpandsupervisionoverthequalityofdieselproductsanddieselenginesandincreasetheuseofrailtransportationinfreightservicestocutbackairpollution,thereportsaid.Emissionsfromdieseltrucks,whichmakeuponly7.8percentofautomotivevehiclesinChina,accountfor57.3percentofnitrogenoxideand77.8percentofparticulatematterinthecountry'sair,twomajorpolluters,accordingtothereport.AutomotivevehicleshaveemergedasamajorsourceofChina'sairpollution,itsaid.Asof2017,Chinahadbeenthelargestvehicleproducerandbuyerintheworldforthenineconsecutiveyears,with310millionautomotivevehiclesonitsroadsattheendoflastyear,up5.1percentfromthepreviousyear.Thesevehiclesemittedabout43.59millionmetrictonsofpollutants,down2.5percentyear-on-year,thereportshowed.YinHang,headofthePolicyResearchDepartmentoftheministry'sVehicleEmissionControlCenter,saidChinahasphasedoutmorethan20millionoutdateddieselvehiclesinthepastfiveyears.Thecountryshouldfurthersuperviseproduction,useandeliminationofautomotivevehiclestoreduceairpollution,Yinsaidatarecentforumonairpollutioncontrol.In2017,portsinTianjinandShandongprovincebannedtheuseofdieseltruckstotransportcoalintheBohaiSeaareatoimproveairquality.Ananalysisofairpollutantsin15majorChinesecitiesshowedthatlocalmobileemitters,acategorythatincludesvehicles,contributedabout13.5percentto41percentoffineparticulatematter,accordingtotheministry.Beijinghasmadeaddressingmotorvehicleemissionsafocusofthisyear'sairpollutioncontrolwork.High-emissionsvehicleswillbetakenofftheroadsinthecapitaltohelpcontrolsmog-extendingthebanonsuchvehicleswithinBeijing'sSixthRingRoad-saidMayorChenJiningattheopeningofthefirstsessionofthe15thBeijingPeople'sCongressinJanuary.LiuBingjiang,headofairqualitymanagementattheministry,said,"TargetingmotorvehicleexhaustemissionsisaprecisetreatmentforBeijing'ssmoggyweather,becausestudieshavefoundtheyarethetopsourceofthecity'smajorairpollutants."ThefactorscausingBeijing'sairpollutionhavechangeddramatically,withcoal-burningnowaccountingforlessthan10percentofthecity'senergy,andover80percentofBeijing'sindustriesnowintheservicesector,Liusaidatanewsconference.FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)ReportunveilsplantotightengriponemissionsandreducepollutionChinaintendstoimplementitsstrictestvehicleemissionsregulationyettofurtherreduceairpollution,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentsaidinareportreleasedonFriday.Theministrywillexpandsupervisionoverthequalityofdieselproductsanddieselenginesandincreasetheuseofrailtransportationinfreightservicestocutbackairpollution,thereportsaid.Emissionsfromdieseltrucks,whichmakeuponly7.8percentofautomotivevehiclesinChina,accountfor57.3percentofnitrogenoxideand77.8percentofparticulatematterinthecountry'sair,twomajorpolluters,accordingtothereport.AutomotivevehicleshaveemergedasamajorsourceofChina'sairpollution,itsaid.Asof2017,Chinahadbeenthelargestvehicleproducerandbuyerintheworldforthenineconsecutiveyears,with310millionautomotivevehiclesonitsroadsattheendoflastyear,up5.1percentfromthepreviousyear.Thesevehiclesemittedabout43.59millionmetrictonsofpollutants,down2.5percentyear-on-year,thereportshowed.YinHang,headofthePolicyResearchDepartmentoftheministry'sVehicleEmissionControlCenter,saidChinahasphasedoutmorethan20millionoutdateddieselvehiclesinthepastfiveyears.Thecountryshouldfurthersuperviseproduction,useandeliminationofautomotivevehiclestoreduceairpollution,Yinsaidatarecentforumonairpollutioncontrol.In2017,portsinTianjinandShandongprovincebannedtheuseofdieseltruckstotransportcoalintheBohaiSeaareatoimproveairquality.Ananalysisofairpollutantsin15majorChinesecitiesshowedthatlocalmobileemitters,acategorythatincludesvehicles,contributedabout13.5percentto41percentoffineparticulatematter,accordingtotheministry.Beijinghasmadeaddressingmotorvehicleemissionsafocusofthisyear'sairpollutioncontrolwork.High-emissionsvehicleswillbetakenofftheroadsinthecapitaltohelpcontrolsmog-extendingthebanonsuchvehicleswithinBeijing'sSixthRingRoad-saidMayorChenJiningattheopeningofthefirstsessionofthe15thBeijingPeople'sCongressinJanuary.LiuBingjiang,headofairqualitymanagementattheministry,said,"TargetingmotorvehicleexhaustemissionsisaprecisetreatmentforBeijing'ssmoggyweather,becausestudieshavefoundtheyarethetopsourceofthecity'smajorairpollutants."ThefactorscausingBeijing'sairpollutionhavechangeddramatically,withcoal-burningnowaccountingforlessthan10percentofthecity'senergy,andover80percentofBeijing'sindustriesnowintheservicesector,Liusaidatanewsconference.

  Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)

  WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)

  FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ReportunveilsplantotightengriponemissionsandreducepollutionChinaintendstoimplementitsstrictestvehicleemissionsregulationyettofurtherreduceairpollution,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentsaidinareportreleasedonFriday.Theministrywillexpandsupervisionoverthequalityofdieselproductsanddieselenginesandincreasetheuseofrailtransportationinfreightservicestocutbackairpollution,thereportsaid.Emissionsfromdieseltrucks,whichmakeuponly7.8percentofautomotivevehiclesinChina,accountfor57.3percentofnitrogenoxideand77.8percentofparticulatematterinthecountry'sair,twomajorpolluters,accordingtothereport.AutomotivevehicleshaveemergedasamajorsourceofChina'sairpollution,itsaid.Asof2017,Chinahadbeenthelargestvehicleproducerandbuyerintheworldforthenineconsecutiveyears,with310millionautomotivevehiclesonitsroadsattheendoflastyear,up5.1percentfromthepreviousyear.Thesevehiclesemittedabout43.59millionmetrictonsofpollutants,down2.5percentyear-on-year,thereportshowed.YinHang,headofthePolicyResearchDepartmentoftheministry'sVehicleEmissionControlCenter,saidChinahasphasedoutmorethan20millionoutdateddieselvehiclesinthepastfiveyears.Thecountryshouldfurthersuperviseproduction,useandeliminationofautomotivevehiclestoreduceairpollution,Yinsaidatarecentforumonairpollutioncontrol.In2017,portsinTianjinandShandongprovincebannedtheuseofdieseltruckstotransportcoalintheBohaiSeaareatoimproveairquality.Ananalysisofairpollutantsin15majorChinesecitiesshowedthatlocalmobileemitters,acategorythatincludesvehicles,contributedabout13.5percentto41percentoffineparticulatematter,accordingtotheministry.Beijinghasmadeaddressingmotorvehicleemissionsafocusofthisyear'sairpollutioncontrolwork.High-emissionsvehicleswillbetakenofftheroadsinthecapitaltohelpcontrolsmog-extendingthebanonsuchvehicleswithinBeijing'sSixthRingRoad-saidMayorChenJiningattheopeningofthefirstsessionofthe15thBeijingPeople'sCongressinJanuary.LiuBingjiang,headofairqualitymanagementattheministry,said,"TargetingmotorvehicleexhaustemissionsisaprecisetreatmentforBeijing'ssmoggyweather,becausestudieshavefoundtheyarethetopsourceofthecity'smajorairpollutants."ThefactorscausingBeijing'sairpollutionhavechangeddramatically,withcoal-burningnowaccountingforlessthan10percentofthecity'senergy,andover80percentofBeijing'sindustriesnowintheservicesector,Liusaidatanewsconference.

  WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ReportunveilsplantotightengriponemissionsandreducepollutionChinaintendstoimplementitsstrictestvehicleemissionsregulationyettofurtherreduceairpollution,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentsaidinareportreleasedonFriday.Theministrywillexpandsupervisionoverthequalityofdieselproductsanddieselenginesandincreasetheuseofrailtransportationinfreightservicestocutbackairpollution,thereportsaid.Emissionsfromdieseltrucks,whichmakeuponly7.8percentofautomotivevehiclesinChina,accountfor57.3percentofnitrogenoxideand77.8percentofparticulatematterinthecountry'sair,twomajorpolluters,accordingtothereport.AutomotivevehicleshaveemergedasamajorsourceofChina'sairpollution,itsaid.Asof2017,Chinahadbeenthelargestvehicleproducerandbuyerintheworldforthenineconsecutiveyears,with310millionautomotivevehiclesonitsroadsattheendoflastyear,up5.1percentfromthepreviousyear.Thesevehiclesemittedabout43.59millionmetrictonsofpollutants,down2.5percentyear-on-year,thereportshowed.YinHang,headofthePolicyResearchDepartmentoftheministry'sVehicleEmissionControlCenter,saidChinahasphasedoutmorethan20millionoutdateddieselvehiclesinthepastfiveyears.Thecountryshouldfurthersuperviseproduction,useandeliminationofautomotivevehiclestoreduceairpollution,Yinsaidatarecentforumonairpollutioncontrol.In2017,portsinTianjinandShandongprovincebannedtheuseofdieseltruckstotransportcoalintheBohaiSeaareatoimproveairquality.Ananalysisofairpollutantsin15majorChinesecitiesshowedthatlocalmobileemitters,acategorythatincludesvehicles,contributedabout13.5percentto41percentoffineparticulatematter,accordingtotheministry.Beijinghasmadeaddressingmotorvehicleemissionsafocusofthisyear'sairpollutioncontrolwork.High-emissionsvehicleswillbetakenofftheroadsinthecapitaltohelpcontrolsmog-extendingthebanonsuchvehicleswithinBeijing'sSixthRingRoad-saidMayorChenJiningattheopeningofthefirstsessionofthe15thBeijingPeople'sCongressinJanuary.LiuBingjiang,headofairqualitymanagementattheministry,said,"TargetingmotorvehicleexhaustemissionsisaprecisetreatmentforBeijing'ssmoggyweather,becausestudieshavefoundtheyarethetopsourceofthecity'smajorairpollutants."ThefactorscausingBeijing'sairpollutionhavechangeddramatically,withcoal-burningnowaccountingforlessthan10percentofthecity'senergy,andover80percentofBeijing'sindustriesnowintheservicesector,Liusaidatanewsconference.

  Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)

  FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)

  Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ReportunveilsplantotightengriponemissionsandreducepollutionChinaintendstoimplementitsstrictestvehicleemissionsregulationyettofurtherreduceairpollution,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentsaidinareportreleasedonFriday.Theministrywillexpandsupervisionoverthequalityofdieselproductsanddieselenginesandincreasetheuseofrailtransportationinfreightservicestocutbackairpollution,thereportsaid.Emissionsfromdieseltrucks,whichmakeuponly7.8percentofautomotivevehiclesinChina,accountfor57.3percentofnitrogenoxideand77.8percentofparticulatematterinthecountry'sair,twomajorpolluters,accordingtothereport.AutomotivevehicleshaveemergedasamajorsourceofChina'sairpollution,itsaid.Asof2017,Chinahadbeenthelargestvehicleproducerandbuyerintheworldforthenineconsecutiveyears,with310millionautomotivevehiclesonitsroadsattheendoflastyear,up5.1percentfromthepreviousyear.Thesevehiclesemittedabout43.59millionmetrictonsofpollutants,down2.5percentyear-on-year,thereportshowed.YinHang,headofthePolicyResearchDepartmentoftheministry'sVehicleEmissionControlCenter,saidChinahasphasedoutmorethan20millionoutdateddieselvehiclesinthepastfiveyears.Thecountryshouldfurthersuperviseproduction,useandeliminationofautomotivevehiclestoreduceairpollution,Yinsaidatarecentforumonairpollutioncontrol.In2017,portsinTianjinandShandongprovincebannedtheuseofdieseltruckstotransportcoalintheBohaiSeaareatoimproveairquality.Ananalysisofairpollutantsin15majorChinesecitiesshowedthatlocalmobileemitters,acategorythatincludesvehicles,contributedabout13.5percentto41percentoffineparticulatematter,accordingtotheministry.Beijinghasmadeaddressingmotorvehicleemissionsafocusofthisyear'sairpollutioncontrolwork.High-emissionsvehicleswillbetakenofftheroadsinthecapitaltohelpcontrolsmog-extendingthebanonsuchvehicleswithinBeijing'sSixthRingRoad-saidMayorChenJiningattheopeningofthefirstsessionofthe15thBeijingPeople'sCongressinJanuary.LiuBingjiang,headofairqualitymanagementattheministry,said,"TargetingmotorvehicleexhaustemissionsisaprecisetreatmentforBeijing'ssmoggyweather,becausestudieshavefoundtheyarethetopsourceofthecity'smajorairpollutants."ThefactorscausingBeijing'sairpollutionhavechangeddramatically,withcoal-burningnowaccountingforlessthan10percentofthecity'senergy,andover80percentofBeijing'sindustriesnowintheservicesector,Liusaidatanewsconference.

  Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)

  FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)

  FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)ReportunveilsplantotightengriponemissionsandreducepollutionChinaintendstoimplementitsstrictestvehicleemissionsregulationyettofurtherreduceairpollution,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentsaidinareportreleasedonFriday.Theministrywillexpandsupervisionoverthequalityofdieselproductsanddieselenginesandincreasetheuseofrailtransportationinfreightservicestocutbackairpollution,thereportsaid.Emissionsfromdieseltrucks,whichmakeuponly7.8percentofautomotivevehiclesinChina,accountfor57.3percentofnitrogenoxideand77.8percentofparticulatematterinthecountry'sair,twomajorpolluters,accordingtothereport.AutomotivevehicleshaveemergedasamajorsourceofChina'sairpollution,itsaid.Asof2017,Chinahadbeenthelargestvehicleproducerandbuyerintheworldforthenineconsecutiveyears,with310millionautomotivevehiclesonitsroadsattheendoflastyear,up5.1percentfromthepreviousyear.Thesevehiclesemittedabout43.59millionmetrictonsofpollutants,down2.5percentyear-on-year,thereportshowed.YinHang,headofthePolicyResearchDepartmentoftheministry'sVehicleEmissionControlCenter,saidChinahasphasedoutmorethan20millionoutdateddieselvehiclesinthepastfiveyears.Thecountryshouldfurthersuperviseproduction,useandeliminationofautomotivevehiclestoreduceairpollution,Yinsaidatarecentforumonairpollutioncontrol.In2017,portsinTianjinandShandongprovincebannedtheuseofdieseltruckstotransportcoalintheBohaiSeaareatoimproveairquality.Ananalysisofairpollutantsin15majorChinesecitiesshowedthatlocalmobileemitters,acategorythatincludesvehicles,contributedabout13.5percentto41percentoffineparticulatematter,accordingtotheministry.Beijinghasmadeaddressingmotorvehicleemissionsafocusofthisyear'sairpollutioncontrolwork.High-emissionsvehicleswillbetakenofftheroadsinthecapitaltohelpcontrolsmog-extendingthebanonsuchvehicleswithinBeijing'sSixthRingRoad-saidMayorChenJiningattheopeningofthefirstsessionofthe15thBeijingPeople'sCongressinJanuary.LiuBingjiang,headofairqualitymanagementattheministry,said,"TargetingmotorvehicleexhaustemissionsisaprecisetreatmentforBeijing'ssmoggyweather,becausestudieshavefoundtheyarethetopsourceofthecity'smajorairpollutants."ThefactorscausingBeijing'sairpollutionhavechangeddramatically,withcoal-burningnowaccountingforlessthan10percentofthecity'senergy,andover80percentofBeijing'sindustriesnowintheservicesector,Liusaidatanewsconference.

  WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)

  FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)

  Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  ReportunveilsplantotightengriponemissionsandreducepollutionChinaintendstoimplementitsstrictestvehicleemissionsregulationyettofurtherreduceairpollution,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentsaidinareportreleasedonFriday.Theministrywillexpandsupervisionoverthequalityofdieselproductsanddieselenginesandincreasetheuseofrailtransportationinfreightservicestocutbackairpollution,thereportsaid.Emissionsfromdieseltrucks,whichmakeuponly7.8percentofautomotivevehiclesinChina,accountfor57.3percentofnitrogenoxideand77.8percentofparticulatematterinthecountry'sair,twomajorpolluters,accordingtothereport.AutomotivevehicleshaveemergedasamajorsourceofChina'sairpollution,itsaid.Asof2017,Chinahadbeenthelargestvehicleproducerandbuyerintheworldforthenineconsecutiveyears,with310millionautomotivevehiclesonitsroadsattheendoflastyear,up5.1percentfromthepreviousyear.Thesevehiclesemittedabout43.59millionmetrictonsofpollutants,down2.5percentyear-on-year,thereportshowed.YinHang,headofthePolicyResearchDepartmentoftheministry'sVehicleEmissionControlCenter,saidChinahasphasedoutmorethan20millionoutdateddieselvehiclesinthepastfiveyears.Thecountryshouldfurthersuperviseproduction,useandeliminationofautomotivevehiclestoreduceairpollution,Yinsaidatarecentforumonairpollutioncontrol.In2017,portsinTianjinandShandongprovincebannedtheuseofdieseltruckstotransportcoalintheBohaiSeaareatoimproveairquality.Ananalysisofairpollutantsin15majorChinesecitiesshowedthatlocalmobileemitters,acategorythatincludesvehicles,contributedabout13.5percentto41percentoffineparticulatematter,accordingtotheministry.Beijinghasmadeaddressingmotorvehicleemissionsafocusofthisyear'sairpollutioncontrolwork.High-emissionsvehicleswillbetakenofftheroadsinthecapitaltohelpcontrolsmog-extendingthebanonsuchvehicleswithinBeijing'sSixthRingRoad-saidMayorChenJiningattheopeningofthefirstsessionofthe15thBeijingPeople'sCongressinJanuary.LiuBingjiang,headofairqualitymanagementattheministry,said,"TargetingmotorvehicleexhaustemissionsisaprecisetreatmentforBeijing'ssmoggyweather,becausestudieshavefoundtheyarethetopsourceofthecity'smajorairpollutants."ThefactorscausingBeijing'sairpollutionhavechangeddramatically,withcoal-burningnowaccountingforlessthan10percentofthecity'senergy,andover80percentofBeijing'sindustriesnowintheservicesector,Liusaidatanewsconference.FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)

  FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)ReportunveilsplantotightengriponemissionsandreducepollutionChinaintendstoimplementitsstrictestvehicleemissionsregulationyettofurtherreduceairpollution,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentsaidinareportreleasedonFriday.Theministrywillexpandsupervisionoverthequalityofdieselproductsanddieselenginesandincreasetheuseofrailtransportationinfreightservicestocutbackairpollution,thereportsaid.Emissionsfromdieseltrucks,whichmakeuponly7.8percentofautomotivevehiclesinChina,accountfor57.3percentofnitrogenoxideand77.8percentofparticulatematterinthecountry'sair,twomajorpolluters,accordingtothereport.AutomotivevehicleshaveemergedasamajorsourceofChina'sairpollution,itsaid.Asof2017,Chinahadbeenthelargestvehicleproducerandbuyerintheworldforthenineconsecutiveyears,with310millionautomotivevehiclesonitsroadsattheendoflastyear,up5.1percentfromthepreviousyear.Thesevehiclesemittedabout43.59millionmetrictonsofpollutants,down2.5percentyear-on-year,thereportshowed.YinHang,headofthePolicyResearchDepartmentoftheministry'sVehicleEmissionControlCenter,saidChinahasphasedoutmorethan20millionoutdateddieselvehiclesinthepastfiveyears.Thecountryshouldfurthersuperviseproduction,useandeliminationofautomotivevehiclestoreduceairpollution,Yinsaidatarecentforumonairpollutioncontrol.In2017,portsinTianjinandShandongprovincebannedtheuseofdieseltruckstotransportcoalintheBohaiSeaareatoimproveairquality.Ananalysisofairpollutantsin15majorChinesecitiesshowedthatlocalmobileemitters,acategorythatincludesvehicles,contributedabout13.5percentto41percentoffineparticulatematter,accordingtotheministry.Beijinghasmadeaddressingmotorvehicleemissionsafocusofthisyear'sairpollutioncontrolwork.High-emissionsvehicleswillbetakenofftheroadsinthecapitaltohelpcontrolsmog-extendingthebanonsuchvehicleswithinBeijing'sSixthRingRoad-saidMayorChenJiningattheopeningofthefirstsessionofthe15thBeijingPeople'sCongressinJanuary.LiuBingjiang,headofairqualitymanagementattheministry,said,"TargetingmotorvehicleexhaustemissionsisaprecisetreatmentforBeijing'ssmoggyweather,becausestudieshavefoundtheyarethetopsourceofthecity'smajorairpollutants."ThefactorscausingBeijing'sairpollutionhavechangeddramatically,withcoal-burningnowaccountingforlessthan10percentofthecity'senergy,andover80percentofBeijing'sindustriesnowintheservicesector,Liusaidatanewsconference.

  WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)

  WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  

  FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)FootballersoftheSaudiArabianationalteamtrainatLuzhnikiStadiuminMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)SaudiArabiacoachJuanAntonioPizzi(L)andfootballerOsamaHawsawiattendapressconferenceinMoscow,Russia,June13,2018,aheadoftheWorldCup.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TianBochuan)Beijingreleasedits2018"bluesky"actionplanonMarch21,aimingtocontinuebringingdownitsaverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particles.Theplanspecifiesairqualitytargetsforeachofitsdistricts,setsafocusonmanaginghigh-emissionvehicles,andpromotestheexpansionoflow-emissionzonesfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecity.Settingdistrict-specificPM2.5targetsAttheendof2017,thecity'saverageannualconcentrationofPM2.5particlesdroppedto58microgramspercubicmeter,reachingthetargetsetbytheMeasuresforthePreventionandControlofAirPollutionbytheStateCouncil.Theactionplanthisyearsetsspecificairqualitytargetsforeachdistrict.Dongcheng,XichengandChaoyangdistrictswillaimtolowertheconcentrationtolessthan58microgramspercubicmeter.ForHaidian,Fengtai,Shijingshan,Mentougou,Fangshan,Tongzhou,Shunyi,Daxing,ChangpingandPinggudistricts,thegoalsarerespectively56,60,54,57,65,55,61,52and55microgramspercubicmeter.ThetargetsofHuairou,MiyunandYanqingdistrictsarebelow49microgramspercubicmeter,andforBeijingEconomicandTechnologicalDevelopmentZone,lowerthan65microgramspercubicmeter.Expandinglow-emissionareastothewholecityChangeshavetakenplaceinthecity'spollutionsourcesandcharacteristicsafternearlyfiveyearsofclean-upefforts,andthecityfaceswithincreasinglydifficultchallengesinpollutioncontrol.Therefore,whilereducingengineeringemissions,Beijingalsosetsitsfocusonheavy-dutydieselvehicles,dust,andvolatileorganiccompoundsthisyear.Thecityisputtingthemanagementofhigh-emissionvehiclesattoppriority,whilepromotingtheexpansionoflow-emissionareasfromwithintheSixthRingRoadtothewholecityandtheeliminationofheavy-dutydieselvehiclesmeetingthethird-stagenationalemissionstandard.Accordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillstepupmanagementeffortsatmainhighwayentrancesintothecity,keystreetsinthecity,andareaswithlargenumberofhigh-emissionvehicles.Thetrafficpoliceandenvironmentalprotectiondepartmentwillinspectvehiclesatmainhighwayentrances,andcarryout1.3millionroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesthroughouttheyear.Inaddition,thecitywillalsocarryout200,000nighttimeroadinspectionsonheavy-dutydieselvehiclesin2018.ClosingdownpollutingcompaniesAccordingtotheactionplan,Beijingwillelevatethestandardforkeyindustries,andcarryouttechnicalreformprojectsforenvironmentalprotectionandactionplansforup-to-standardpollutantdischargebasedonrelocatingnon-capitalfunctions.Thecitywillclosedown500manufacturingcompaniesthatdonotfitcapitalfunctions,amongwhichChangpingDistrictissettoclosedown121companies—themostofalldistricts—andTongzhouDistrictissettoshutdown82.Meanwhile,keycompaniesinthepetrochemicalindustrywillformulateacomprehensiveplantostrengthenthemanagementofvolatileorganiccompounds.Inaddition,thecitywilllaunchanewroundofanalysisonthesourcesofPM2.5particlesinBeijing,promotetheapplicationofbigdatatechnologyandsensortechnologyinenvironmentalmonitoringandevaluation,aswellasthemanagementoffixedandmobilesources,andcarryouttheconstructionofits"ecologicalandenvironmentalbigdataproject."  FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)

  FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)FilephotoofZhangjiajieGrandCanyonGlassBridgeinZhangjiajieCity,CentralChina’sHunanProvince.Thebridge,designedbytheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,haswontheArthurG.HaydenMedalatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC),thepre-eminentarenafortheworld’sbridgeindustry.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)XuGongyi(2ndright),thedeputychiefengineeroftheChinaRailwayMajorBridgeReconnaissance&DesignInstitute,poseswiththeIBCJohnA.Roeblingmedal,whichwasawardedforalifetimeachievementinbridgeengineeringatthe35thInternationalBridgeConference(IBC)intheUnitedStates.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangHu)WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinintroduceshercollectionofhandcraftedChineseembroideredshoestovisitorsinBeijingonJuly21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)TenenthusiastsoftraditionalChineseembroideryworkedunderthewingofembroideredshoe-makingmasterWangGuanqininBeijingonJuly21.AsparticipantsintheintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramofGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityforenthusiastsofintangibleculturalheritage,theylearnedaboutandexperiencedthisheritagethroughclosetalkswithinheritorsormasters,andfromhands-onexperience.Duringtheirtalkswiththe79-year-oldmaster,whohasbeenengagedinthiscraftmostofherlife,theparticipantswerefascinatedwiththeembroideredshoes.Theytriedtomakethesolesanduppersoftheshoesthemselvesunderherprofessionalguidance,andlearnedabouttheculturalconnotationandhistoryofmakingembroideredshoes.ChinesezodiacembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqinreflectthesignoftherat,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)"I'vealwaysbeencrazyaboutembroideredshoe-making,buttherearefewpeoplewhocoulddothiskindofcraftnowadays.Forme,it'sagreatchancetolearn,"saidChengGuiqi,astudentmajoringindirectingfromBeijingUnionUniversity.AccordingtoWangGuanqin,herenthusiasmforthecraftcamefromherfamily'slongtimeaffinityforthesophisticatedtechnique,whichbeganasearlyaswithhergreat-grandmother.Unlikeembroideredshoessoldonthemarket,whicharemadebymachine,Wanginsistsondesigningandmakingshoeswithherownhands."Eachofmyshoesislikeadaughter,"Wangsaid."It'sneveraboutjustmakingapairofshoes.It'stheculturalconnotationsthatmakeeachshoeuniqueandprecious."TheYearoftheOxisrepresentedinthispairofChineseembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)HerinspirationfordifferentdesignsisoftendrawnfromhistoricalresearchbasedonChineseliteratureandancienttraditionalculture.OnefineexampleisWang'sfamousseriesofshoesfeaturingtheanimalsoftheChinesezodiac.Shemadeaseriesofzodiac-themedshoes.Fortheox,niuinMandarin,theembroideryfeaturesmorningglories,knownasqianniuhuainMandarin.Sheusesgrassflowersforthehorseandcarrotflowersfortherabbit."Pigsmadebymachinesoftenappearinanexaggeratedway,butminearehappypigs.Nomatterwhatangle,thepigsseemtobesmiling,"Wangsaid."Shoesaresoullesswithoutaculturalconnotation"saidWang,whohasdonedetailedresearchthroughcontinuousandthoroughstudiesthatmanifestthecultureofshoesindifferentdynastiesofChinesehistory.AcoiledsnakefromtheChinesezodiacrisesfromthetoesofapairofembroideredshoesmadebyWangGuanqin,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)In2007,Wang'shandmadeembroideredshoesandherskillswereplacedonBeijing'sIntangibleCulturalHeritagelist.SheissaidtobethepremierfigureinChineseembroideredshoemaking.Hershoeshavenowbecomepreciousgiftsforpeopletogiveforspecialoccasions,suchasatweddingsortotreasureasanartpiece.TheGreatSeed,aglobalcommunityplatformaimedatallintangibleculturalheritageenthusiaststocommunicate,share,experienceandinheritintangibleculturalheritageworldwide,isnowrecruitingpeopletobeparticipantswhowilllearnandexperiencesuchheritage.ThroughJune9,2019,1,000peoplearoundtheworldwillberecruitedtoconnectwith1,000inheritorstohaveanin-depthexperiencewithdifferentformsofintangibleculturalheritage.ChinesetraditionalhandmadeshoesmadebyWangGuanqinandembroideredwith10differentkindsoffruitwereinspiredbytheSpringandAutumnPeriod(770-476BC),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)ThispairofChinesetraditionalhandmadeembroideredshoesbyWangGuanqindrawsinspirationfromtheHanDynasty(202BC-AD220),July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantofGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramcutsoutthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)AparticipantinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramworksonthesoleofashoe,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)WangGuanqinguidesparticipantsinGreatSeed’sintangibleculturalheritageexperienceprogramastheymakeshoes,July21,2018.(Photo/chinadaily.com.cn)

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